cylinder

/ˈsɪləndə / (say 'siluhnduh)

noun
1. Geometry
a. a solid bounded by two parallel planes and the surface generated by a straight line moving parallel to a given straight line, and intersecting a given curve lying in one of the planes. When the given curve is a circle, the solid is called a right circular cylinder if the given line is perpendicular to the planes, and an oblique circular cylinder otherwise.
b. a curved surface generated in this manner.
2. any cylinder-like object or part, whether solid or hollow.
3. the rotating part of a revolver, which contains the chambers for the cartridges.
4. the body of a pump.
5. the chamber in an engine in which the working medium acts upon the piston.
6. Building Trades a closed circular tank for storing hot water to be drawn off through taps.
7. (in certain printing presses)
a. a rotating cylinder which produces the impression, under which a flat forme to be printed from passes.
b. either of two cylinders, one carrying a curved forme or plate to be printed from, which rotate against each other in opposite directions.
8. Archaeology a cylindrical or somewhat barrel-shaped stone or clay object, bearing a cuneiform inscription or a carved design, worn by the Babylonians, Assyrians, and kindred peoples as a seal and amulet.
verb (t)
9. to furnish with a cylinder or cylinders.
10. to subject to the action of a cylinder or cylinders.
{Latin cylindrus, from Greek kylindros roller, cylinder}
cylinder-like, adjective

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cylinder — most commonly refers to: Cylinder (geometry), a three dimensional geometric shape Cylinder may also refer to: Contents 1 Science and technology 1.1 Information storage …   Wikipedia

  • Cylinder — Cyl in*der (s?l ?n d?r), n. [F. cylindre, OF. cilindre, L. cylindrus, fr. Gr. ky lindros, fr. kyli ndein, kyli ein, to roll. Cf. {Calender} the machine.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Geom.) (a) A solid body which may be generated by the rotation of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cylinder — Cylinder, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 110 Housing Units (2000): 49 Land area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cylinder, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 110 Housing Units (2000): 49 Land area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • cylinder — 1560s, from M.Fr. cylindre (14c.), from L. cylindrus roller, cylinder, from Gk. kylindros a cylinder, roller, roll, from kylindein to roll, of unknown origin …   Etymology dictionary

  • cylinder — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. cylinderdra, Mc. cylinderdrze {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} walcowaty otwór w kadłubie maszyny tłokowej (silnika, sprężarki, pompy itd.), w którym porusza się, odpowiednio… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • cylinder — [sil′ən dər] n. [Fr cylindre < L cylindrus < Gr kylindros < kylindein, to roll < IE base * (s)kel , to bend > CALCAR, COLON1] 1. Geom. a) in geometry, a solid figure consisting of two parallel bases in the form of congruent, closed …   English World dictionary

  • Cylinder [1] — Cylinder (v. gr.), 1) (Math.), ein zwischen 2 parallelen Ebenen als Grundflächen, u. einer krummen Seitenfläche (Mantel) enthaltener Körper. Die letztere wird von einer geraden Linie beschrieben, welche mit einer unveränderlichen Richtungslinie… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cylinder [2] — Cylinder (Cylinderschnecken), so v.w. Walzenschnecken …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cylinder — Cylinder, s. Zylinder …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cylinder — und damit zusammengesetzte Stichwörter, s. Zylinder u.s.w …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

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